Chronology Radiocarbon dating shows that Easter Island was inhabited by AD, and possibly by the 4th century. This fits in with the tradition that there had been 57 generations of kings since Hotu Matua; allowing an average of 25 years per generation, this takes us back to AD. Some archaeologists suspect that the island must have been settled several centuries earlier. There is of course no evidence — only theories and assumptions — to rule out the possibility that the island was inhabited millennia before this; as mentioned in section 2, some native traditions point to pre-Polynesian settlement. As already explained, the standard view is that Polynesians discovered Easter Island by chance and that after its initial colonization it was not visited by anyone else until the Europeans began to arrive in the early 18th century. As shown in section 3, the evidence is ambiguous but is certainly consistent with some sort of South American influence alongside the prevalent Polynesian influence. The island could have received settlers or visitors from both east and west on many occasions. There is clear evidence of different phases of development in statue carving and platform construction, and the insistence that all the archaeological remains must be crammed into a history spanning just years is theory-driven. The rongorongo phenomenon is also difficult to fit into conventional theories about Easter Island.
Antique Terms (C)
Worth the Trip Posted 3. Before I stopped my truck, I saw what I wanted. The kids said I was crazy. There was a small version of a washstand sort-of-thing. It had had a mirror, three drawers one needed fixing , and a door which needed to be put back on.
When President Nixon stepped off the plane in Shanghai in he did more than just restore relations with China. His visit led to a series of increasingly impressive exhibits in the United States of ancient Chinese artifacts that excited the public’s interest.
Eggshell porcelain Chinese ‘eggshell’ porcleain. Eggshell porcelain is characterized by an excessively thin body under the glaze. It often had decoration engraved on it before firing that, like a watermark in paper, that was visible only when held up to the light. Decoration of this kind is called anhua, meaning literally ‘secret language’ regardless of the thickness of the body. Incised or impressed anhua decoration is not limited to eggshell porcelain but can occur on any white porcelains.
Eggshell porcelain was introduced in the Ming dynasty during the reign of the emperor Yongle —
Soapstone Carvings – Oriental Objects
Chinese ceramics Porcelain originated in China , and it took a long time to reach the modern material. There is no precise date to separate the production of proto-porcelain from that of porcelain. Although proto-porcelain wares exist dating from the Shang Dynasty — BC , by the time of the Eastern Han Dynasty period BC— AD , glazed ceramic wares had developed into porcelain, on a Chinese definition as high-fired ware. The wares were already exported to the Islamic world , where they were highly prized.
From Peabody Essex Museum.
According to , soapstone was a popular material for Asian figural art. Carvings feature human figures and animals and come from a number of locations and eras. Carvings feature human figures and animals and come from a number of locations and eras/5(6).
These forms of soapstone are used for carving among other things due to its softness. However the soapstone that we use is an architectural grade of soapstone, scientifically called Steatite. Steatite, like the other forms of soapstone, is primarily composed of talc but due to other mineral deposits, it is a hard and more dense formation of the stone.
The stone, due to its density, is naturally non-porous. For the consumer this means nothing can stain it, not even wine, and nothing can penetrate its surface. Any kinds of non-abrasive cleaners can be used on the stone to clean the surface. Soapstone has a unique history in the United States. Prior to that even, at approx 2, BC soapstone was used in Virginia and Georgia to create cookware. Soapstone is still being quarried in small quantities in Virginia and Vermont.
The stone has an even older history around the world. Brazil has some of the oldest carvings and cookware formations. In Finland one of the oldest known sculptures dating back to BC was of a soapstone elk head carved on a club. This is truly a standing example of the durability of soapstone. Today the large majority of our Soapstone is quarried in Brazil.
Collecting Antique Ceramics
Types[ edit ] A basic distinction is between sculpture in the round, free-standing sculpture, such as statues , not attached except possibly at the base to any other surface, and the various types of relief , which are at least partly attached to a background surface. Relief is often classified by the degree of projection from the wall into low or bas-relief , high relief , and sometimes an intermediate mid-relief.
Sunk-relief is a technique restricted to ancient Egypt. Relief is the usual sculptural medium for large figure groups and narrative subjects, which are difficult to accomplish in the round, and is the typical technique used both for architectural sculpture , which is attached to buildings, and for small-scale sculpture decorating other objects, as in much pottery , metalwork and jewellery.
Relief sculpture may also decorate steles , upright slabs, usually of stone, often also containing inscriptions.
Lucky Charms, Protective Amulets, Talismanic Jewelry, and Religious Medals from the Lucky Mojo Curio Co., manufacturer and importer of traditional and folkloric magical, occult, and spiritual supplies based in the African American, Asian, and Latin American traditions.
Antique Chinese Soapstone Carvings are Chinese sculptures , figurines and decorative objects carved from soapstone. Brief history and description Chinese artisans have been crafting soapstone carvings, tools and figurines for more than 3, years, although the practice of carving soapstone later spread to ancient Greece, Scandinavia, Africa, Iran, India, Australia and northern Canada as well. Soapstone is an incredibly soft stone that also gives off an oily texture hence the name , and can come in a variety of different colours such as pink, white, green, brown, gray, black and yellow.
The height of soapstone production in China occurred during the Ming Dynasty circa to , and during this time artisans used soapstone to carve not only figurines, but dishes, vases and cooking utensils as well. Guide for collectors Soapstone carvings which were crafted during the Ming Dynasty to are considered to be valuable, but not necessarily rare. Soapstone carvings which feature fine-detailed carvings are considered to be more valuable.
Restoration of an antique Chinese soapstone carving is not recommended. For more information regarding antique Chinese soapstone carvings, visit Soapstone Culture’s official website.
The light portion, Yang, is male, heaven, sun, light, vigor, penetration, dragon, monad, azure color, mountains and odd numbers. The dark half, Yin, represents the female, earth, moon, dark, quiescence, absorption, tiger, orange color, duad, valleys and even numbers. North – Ox – Earth, capaciousness, submission.
East India Company sea service flintlock pistol, 56 cal., mm barrel, the barrel marked with crown/GP, crown/V, and crown/9, the lockplate stamped with Rampant lion and crown/3, the walnut stock stamped TP below the brass side plate, fitted with brass trigger guard and pommel (antique).
Most touristy soapstone carvings in China are made from Qingtian stone, while yours looks — or is intended to look — like it’s made of Shoushan stone, which is generally far more valued than Qingtian stone, and carved in a different style, which is both more fluid and more intricate. Shoushan stone, like Qingtian stone, comes in many shades, but that yellowish-ivoryish combination on your piece is very characteristic of one type of Shoushan stone.
If this is indeed Shoushan stone, then your piece would have quite some value regardless of age simply because of the stone; good pieces of Shoushan stone have become rare, and what’s sold as Shoushan stone often isn’t. Note that a heavy coat of wax, not oil, is often used to finish Qingtian stone, while Shoushan stone may be very lightly waxed, then slightly oiled.
The rarest and best Shoushan stone doesn’t need much treatment beyond polishing. The wax on Qingtian stone will break down and the piece will develop something of a dusty look over a few decades. All but the very best Shoushan stone also develops a duller look over the decades unless very lightly oiled from time to time. So take a close look at the finish on your piece. Of course, given the look-alikes for Shoushan stone and malpractices like dyeing, you’d want to have someone look at this first-hand.
From the photos, the stone does look a bit different on the bottom than it does on the rest of the piece. The most common substitute for Shoushan stone is the more abundant Balin stone, and distinguishing the two can sometimes be difficult. Finally, is there a base? A piece like this would always have a customized base, and sometimes the base, if old, can also serve as a guide not just to age but to value:
Antique Oriental Figurines
Precious Natural Materials 19th Century Ivory Emperor Many lovely oriental figurines are crafted from jade, ivory, tiger’s eye, coral, and other precious or semi-precious materials. Typically, these figurines were carved by hand, and color may or may not have been added to enhance the design. Carvings feature human figures and animals and come from a number of locations and eras.
Welcome to the Dictionary on Antique Chinese and Japanese pottery and porcelain. The field of Asian Ceramics collecting is a challenging one.
See Article History Lacquerwork, certain metallic and wood objects to which coloured and frequently opaque varnishes called lacquer are applied. The word lacquer is derived from lac, a sticky resinous substance that is the basis of some lacquers. But the lacquer of China , Japan , and Korea , which is made from the sap of the tree Rhus vernicifera, should not be confused with other types of lacquer to which the term is generally applied—for instance, the lac of Myanmar Burma , which is produced by the scale insect Laccifer lacca, and the various solutions of gums or resin in turpentine of which European imitations of Eastern lacquer have been and continue to be concocted.
Imperial Chinese throne of the Qianlong emperor reigned —96 , red lacquer carved in dragons and floral scrolls, Qing dynasty; in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Techniques Obtaining and preparing lacquer As stated above, the lacquer of East Asia is made from the sap of Rhus vernicifera ; subject to the removal of impurities and excess water, it can be used in its natural state, though it was frequently adulterated.
The tree, which is indigenous to China and Korea and has certainly been cultivated in Japan at least since the 6th century ce, is tapped when it is about 10 years old. Lateral incisions are made in the bark, and the running sap is collected during the months of June to September. Branches of a diameter of 1 inch about 3 cm or more are also tapped, the bark having first been removed. Smaller branches are cut off and soaked in water for 10 days, and the sap is collected, producing a lacquer seshime of particular quality, used for special purposes.
These processes kill the tree, but the wood, when of sufficient size, is of some use for carpentry. From the roots five or six shoots spring up, which become available for the production of lacquer after about six years, and the operation can be thus continued for a considerable length of time before the growth is exhausted.
Enjoy the Famous Daily The first writing Writing has its origins in the strip of fertile land stretching from the Nile up into the area often referred to as the Fertile Crescent. This name was given, in the early 20th century, to the inverted U-shape of territory that stretches up the east Mediterranean coast and then curves east through northern Syria and down the Euphrates and the Tigris to the Persian Gulf.
The first known writing derives from the lower reaches of the two greatest rivers in this extended region, the Nile and the Tigris. So the two civilizations separately responsible for this totally transforming human development are the Egyptian and the Sumerian in what is now Iraq.
Showplace Antique + Design Center in New York sold a Chinese soapstone carving (circa 19th century; 7″ in length) featuring various animal and human figures for $50 in November of , and the same Chinese soapstone carving for $60 in December of
Zimbabwe A truly unforgettable African experience. Great Rates for Travel Industry Staff! A journey through this magnificent country takes in varied landscapes, laid-back towns, World Heritage—listed archaeological sites, and the astounding Victoria Falls considered one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Mana Pools National Park is true wilderness.
A region of the lower Zambezi river, this unique park is home to a wide range of large mammals as well as over bird species. Mana Pools is one of Zimbabwe’s most popular parks, and it is easy to see why. The name “Mana” means “four” in the local Shona language. This applies to the four large pools inland from the Zambezi. Matobos National Park occupies a total area of 44, hectares. It is situated in the magnificent Matobo Hills, a range of domes, spires and balancing rock formations which have been hewn out of the solid granite plateau through millions of years of erosion and weathering.
The majestic and rugged terrain of the park is a hiker’s paradise and the diversity of the vegetation supports a wide range of wildlife. The Victoria Falls are situated on the western tip of Zimbabwe. The Falls are one of the “Seven Wonders of the World” and one of the largest and most spectacular waterfalls on earth.
At the same time that Europe, Asia, and the Middle East were experiencing dynamic cultural growth during the late medieval period, sub-Sahara Africa and the New World were undergoing similar changes. Indeed, both regions had developed high civilizations before the European impact of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. African and American civilizations were each distinctive, although generally similar to those in Eurasia.
A wide variety of cloths can be used to decorate an altar, but some cloths seem to evoke certain kinds of magical spells and, by their visual appearance, to help the practitioner concentrate on the job at hand.
Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks Antique Terms C Antique Terms C — The antique marks glossary from cabaret to cutlery and cabinet to cut glass. Below you will find antique related words or antique terms beginning with the letter C. The list is not exhaustive but we will add to it as time goes by. The descriptions detailed are only intended to be relevant to how the word or term relates to antiques.
In some instances we have included pictures to enhance the meaning of the word or term and we have also indexed each word in order that you may link to the explanation when the word or term appears in other pages on the site. Also — breakfast cabaret for serving breakfast and known as a dejeuner. Also — a tete-a-tete for serving two and a solitaire for serving one. Also referred to a small room in the 16thC. Only applied to furniture in the 17thC. Cabinet popularity increased in the restoration period and gave rise to the skilled practice of cabinet-making with elaborately veneered surfaces.
Cabinet making is normally associated with the queen anne and georgian periods and is now generally applied to all case furniture. Very popular possibly the cause of the mid thC period being known as the cabriole leg period. English and french cabriole legs have similar shapes but the french shape is usually much finer.
AB Finish This iridescent finish used on glass and plastic beads is named after the colorful lights seen in northern skies, the aurora borealis, or AB for short. The finish is also called rainbow. AB beads may be any color and are usually monochromatic and transparent, but they may also be matte or even pearlized, as well as striped or silver-lined.
Beads are given an AB finish by passing them through vaporized metal ions. This process leaves a thin deposit on their surface of tiny metallic particles, which break up light waves into the colors of the spectrum, much as water droplets refract sunlight to create a rainbow.
Buy Buttonhooks. As well as items listed on this page, we have an additional selection of buttonhooks For Sale, visit More Button Hooks & Buttonhook Collections page to see the latest offers.. If you wish to view items which have previously been sold, visit our archive.
Welcome to the Gotheborg. The field of Asian Ceramics collecting is a challenging one. Not the least due to the large number of terms of various origins, problem compounded by a variety of spellings and transcriptions. Many terms in particular regarding porcelain exported to the west are made up by collectors and dealers over the last century, and are not recognized or even understood in China.
When possible I have tried to address this by cross referencing both terms and explain where the understanding differ. Names, meanings and categories also change depending on new discoveries, which might not be as helpful as it might seem. Too myopic classifications might just complicate matters. Here I try to go back to the roots and explain why an older but somewhat incorrect name might still be more helpful than a modern but archaeologically correct name.
Many names and terms that are Chinese in origin have been transcribed in western characters. In old books this was often done by a system called Wade-Giles Peking, Ching-te-chen, Chien-lung , while all modern books today use a system called Pinjin Beijing, Jingdezhen, Qianlong. Naturally this causes some confusion. In this dictionary I have over the last decades tried to write and collect good explanations of many of these various terms that are used to describe antique Chinese and Japanese porcelain.